Although Elias Howe had patented the "automatic and continuous closure device" in 1851, and Whitcomb L. Judson invented and patented the "clasp locker" in 1891, it was Gideon Sunback, a Swedish-born Canadian immigrant, who invented the concept of interlocking teeth called the "hookless fastener" in 1913. Although the Hookless Fastener Company opened in Meadeville, Pennsylvania, in 1914, the clothing industry was slow to accept the invention. In 1920, the B.F. Goodrich Company used the fastener on its rubber boots and coined the word zipper. But, in 1928, the Hookless Fastener Company trademarked the word talon and, in 1938, changed the company name to Talon, Inc. It was during the mid to late 1930s that the zipper gained acceptance in men's, women's, and children's clothing. Today, zippers are not only the fastener of choice for all areas of the apparel industry, but are offered in various materials and styles, including coil or classic, invisible, metal or plastic, separating, and closed-ended zippers. Designers have promoted their use in such trends as the punk style and to evoke sexual provocation.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • Zipper — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alois Zipper (1875–1932), deutscher Politiker (Zentrum) Herbert Zipper (1904–1997), österreichischer Komponist, Dirigent und Musikpädagoge Kurt Zipper (1906–1952), deutscher Finanzbeamter und Politiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • zipper — [ zipe ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • 1965; de zip ♦ Munir d une fermeture à glissière. P. p. adj. Blouson zippé. Bottillons zippés. ● zipper verbe transitif (de Zip) Équiper d une fermeture à glissière un vêtement, un sac, une trousse. zipper… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • zipper — chiefly N. Amer. ► NOUN ▪ a zip fastener. ► VERB ▪ fasten with a zipper …   English terms dictionary

  • zipper — ☆ zipper [zip′ər ] n. 1. a person or thing that zips 2. a device used to fasten and unfasten two adjoining edges of material, as on the placket of a dress, the fly of a pair of trousers, etc.: it consists of two rows of tiny interlocking tabs… …   English World dictionary

  • zipper — → zíper …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • zipper — (n.) 1925, probably an agent noun from ZIP (Cf. zip) (v.1). The trademark taken out on the name that year applied to a boot with zippers, not to the lightning fastener itself, which was at first called a zip …   Etymology dictionary

  • Zipper — A zipper (English: zip fastener or zip) is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. It is used in clothing (e.g. jackets and jeans), luggage and other bags, sporting goods, camping gear (e.g., tents and sleeping bags), and… …   Wikipedia

  • zipper — zipperless, adj. /zip euhr/, n. 1. Also called slide fastener. a device used for fastening clothing, valises, etc., consisting of two toothed tracks or spiral metal or plastic coils, each bordering one of two edges to be joined, and a piece that… …   Universalium

  • zipper — zip·per (zĭp’ər) n. ▸ A fastening device consisting of parallel rows of metal or plastic teeth on adjacent edges of an opening that are interlocked by a sliding tab. tr. & intr.v. zip·pered, zip·per·ing, zip·pers ▸ To fasten or unfasten or become …   Word Histories

  • Zipper — Zịp|per 〈engl. [zı̣p ] m. 3; Mode〉 Reißverschluss ● taillierte Jacken mit aufwendigem Zipper [engl.] * * * Zịp|per, der; s, [engl. zipper, zu: zip = Reißverschluss] (salopp): Reißverschluss. * * * Zịp|per, der; s, [engl. zipper, zu: zip =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • zipper — [ zɪpə] unzip a zipper zip up a zipper a zipper gets stuck to undo (AE) to do up (BE) …   Combinatory dictionary

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